The Judicial Branch consists of a 3-part federal court system headed by the Supreme Court and including 94 district courts and 12 regional circuit courts of appeal. This court system's duty is to interpret and apply the laws passed by Congress, including both civil and criminal matters. The judicial branch hears cases that challenge or require interpretation of the legislation passed by Congress and signed by the President. Judges who are appointed to the federal bench serve for life or until they voluntarily resign or retire.
The following web sites provide additional information about the U.S. Court System:
- Information about U.S. Federal Court System
- U.S. Court System
- U.S. Supreme Court
- Federal Courts in Pennsylvania (3rd Circuit Court)
- U.S. District Court for Western Pennsylvania
- U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania